Located in the northwestern part of Xinjiang, the Tacheng Prefecture is bounded on the west and the north by Kazakstan, covering an area of 105.4 thousands square kilometers, with a population of more than 800 thousands. It has under its jurisdiction 2 cities (Tacheng and Usu) and 5 counties (Emin, Shawan, Yumin, Toli and the Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County). In the Han Dynasty, here was occupied by the Right Hun Tribe. During the Tang Dynasty it was under the jurisdiction of the Beiting Protector- General Government. At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, it became the pastureland of the Jungar tribes. In the 13th year of the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty (1887 A.D.), the Tacheng Placating the People Office directly under the Central Government was set up here, which was changed to Tacheng County in 1913, and in 1984, the county organization was disbanded and Tacheng City was established. Tacheng is located in a cold temperate zone with a dry climate, whithh is moderate and suitable for agriculture and stockbreeding. The prefecture has built skeleton industrial enterprises of its own, among them are coal, power, fur processing, sugar refining, grain and edible oil processing, papermaking, and etc. Civil aviation and international transportation through highway begin to take shape. It is only 17 kilometers from center of the city to the Baktu Port, which is a Class-1 port of the state. Wellknown scenic spots and historical sites in Tacheng Prefecture are Yumin Almond Reserve in Yumin County, hot springs in Shawan and Usu counties, Urho Ghost Town, and Barluk Rock Carvings in Yumin County.