As one of the important ancient Silk Road trading post in Xinjiang, Turpan oasis is surrounded by desert and mountains ruined cities and Buddhist caves.
Introduction of Turpan:
It is often said that when hanging clothes out during the summer in Turpan, it will have dried before you're finished. Such is oasis life. With mountains to the north and west and arid desert to the south, Turpan lies in the Turpan Depression at the southern foot of the Tianshan Mountains, covering an area of over 69,000 square kilometres. The city of Turfan is the seat of the administrative office of the prefecture. The prefecture has one city and two counties under its jurisdiction, with a population of 540 thousand. The lowest place in the depression is 154 metres below sea level. Turpan Prefecture has a continental desert climate and has long been known as the "Prefecture of Fire" and "Wind Storehouse".
The history of Turpan:
Turpan is a traffic hub linking the southern part and northern part of Xinjiang together and linking Xinjiang with the hinterland of our country. According to historical records, the native inhabitants in Turpan are Gushi people. In 60 B.C., the kingdom of Cheshi submitted to the authority of the Han Dynasty. The Governor-General Government for Controlling the Western Regions was established in the same year and Zhen Ji was appointed as the first Governor-General. In 48 B.C., the Han Dynasty set up the Wuji Xiaowei Military Office in Jiaohe City in Anterior Cheshi to control the reclaiming affairs in the Western Countries. In 499 A .D., Turpan came into the period of Qu's Gaochang Kingdom. In the 14th year of Zhenguan period ( 640A .D.) of the Tang Dynasty, the Gaochang Kingdom was conquered and the West Prefecture was set up here. In 866 A .D., the Gaochang Uighurian Kingdom was set up here, which took the Gaochang as its centre and kept unconquered until submitting to Genghis Khan, then Uighur was renamed “Wei-Wu-Er”. In the 10th year of Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty ( 1884A .D,), Turpan Department was established, which was renamed Turpan County in 1913. In 1984, the county was changed as the city. Turpan is a town of military importance on the Silk Roads, rich in historical relics of Chinese and Western types both on the ground and underground. Today, Turpan has been built into a beautiful oasis garden city, not only features in history and civilization of the ancient Silk Roads but also presents modern elegant demeanours. Now Turpan is an important base of grape, cotton, Hami melon and oil of the autonomous region and even in our country.
Other information about Turpan:
City life centres around the bazaar with its numerous food stalls and goods for sale and the public square, which deserted in the daytime, becomes a riot of colours, scents and sounds by night. Though the heat of the day can make even the hardiest of travellers nearly comatose, many of Turpan's streets are covered with grape trellises providing welcome shade. Turpan has long been famous for its grapes and was once renowned throughout all of Asia for its wine. Now, most local families have a hand in the grape industry, either in the growing or selling them as they are or as raisins.